The Infographic provides basic information on women's roles in farming. It includes data and visual displays on the female share of the agricultural labor force, distribution of male and female employment by sector, rural working hours and conditions, employment in high value agro-industries and gender gaps in agriculture. Infographic visuals and graphs can be extracted and embedded for research purposes.
Gender roles in most societies are classified based on culture-stereotypes which are socially constructed and can therefore be reconstructed. These roles affect household distribution of activities and performance as often division of household labour is based on gender.
This study was conducted to analyse the determinants of sweetpotato production on the livelihood strategies of the male and female sweetpotato producers in Ebonyi State. A multi-stage randomized sampling procedure was used to collect cross sectional data in 2014. Data collected from 120 Sweetpotato producers were analysed using descriptive statistics and ordered probit analyses. The results of the study showed that the mean age of male and female farmers was about 30 and 40 years respectively.
Madu, T. U.; Okoye, A. C.; Alozie, M. C.; Ironkwe, A. G.; Njoku, J. C.; Edeoga, G. I. (2015). Gender differentials in sweetpotato production on the livelihood strategies of farmers in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Nigerian Agricultural Journal. 118-123.
The study was designed to investigate into the level of cassava commercialization, extent of gender effects and other
factors on household commercialization index (HCI) of cassava in both rural and peri-urban areas of Rivers State, Nigeria. The study
used a stratified random sampling technique to select 50 cassava farmers each from Etche and Ekwerre LGAs of the state (i.e. 100
farmers in all). A set of structured questionnaire and interview schedule was used to retrieve information from the farmers. Data
This paper explores the interaction between extension services and gender relations in order to suggest ways and strategies that can be useful in ensuring that extension services are gender-equitable and empowering for women.
Mudege, N. N., Chevo, T., Nyekanyeka, T., Kapalasa, E., & Demo, P. (2016). Gender norms and access to extension services and training among potato farmers in Dedza and Ntcheu in Malawi. The Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, 22(3), 291-305.
Improving the effectiveness of agricultural markets for economic growth and poverty reduction has been a central focus for development initiatives, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. Staple crops with low input requirements and drought tolerance, such as cassava, are being promoted for market development due to their accessibility for poor smallholder farmers. Narratives often equate commercialization of cassava to benefits for women, as cassava is commonly labelled a 'women's crop'.
Forsythe, L., Posthumus, H., & Martin, A. (2016). A crop of one's own? Women's experiences of cassava commercialization in Nigeria and Malawi. Journal of Gender, Agriculture and Food Security, 1(2), 110-128.
Recognizing the gender gap that exists in the adoption rates of improved agricultural technology is crucial in increasing agricultural productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa. A gender-disaggregated framework is used to examine key variables that guide the adoption decision of improved agricultural technologies by gender and household headship. Drawing on household data collected in two districts in Uganda and constructing a probability model, key variables will be analyzed as to their significance in the adoption decision for improved banana cultivars.
Global risks of zoonotic disease are high on policy agendas. Increasingly, Africa is seen as a ‰Û÷hotspot', with likely disease spillovers from animals to humans. This paper explores the social dynamics of disease exposure, demonstrating how risks are not generalised, but are related to occupation, gender, class and other dimensions of social difference.
Dzingirai, V., Bett, B., Bukachi, S., Lawson, E., Mangwanya, L., Scoones, I., ... & Winnebah, T. (2016). Zoonotic diseases: who gets sick, and why? Explorations from Africa. Critical Public Health, 1-14.
Forests have conventionally been seen as a source of products for sustaining resource-poor households. Nonetheless, forest management strategies have often not been designed to meet these pressing needs. The objectives of this research were to examine the contribution of forest products to household income and determine the level of forest dependence among poor households in four sectors selected from the Musanze and Nyabihu districts of Rwanda. A multistage sampling process was used to select 165 households in a questionnaire-based survey.
Mutandwa, E., & Kanyarukiga, R. (2016). Understanding the role of forests in rural household economies: experiences from the Northern and Western provinces of Rwanda. Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science, 1-8.
The E-learning course website provides links to all of the World Bank Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook's e-learning Modules. These are all beneficial and might be very valid for pre-learning or pre-course materials, particularly the first two modules.