This short brief summarizes the arguments of the longer USAID/GATE handbook on integrating gender into agricultural value chains. It outlines gender-based constraints in land, labor, inputs, and capital for agricultural development. Women's land ownership rates lag behind men's, in almost all regions globally. Women have unequal bargaining power that distorts intra-household labor and resource allocations. Women also have less access to inputs; they do not have access to as much labor, improved seeds, fertilizers, machinery, or improved technologies as men.