Global

Sexuality: a Missing dimension in Development.

Runeborg discusses how sexuality plays a role in development beyond issues of health or gender equality. She outlines definitions of sexuality and explains the links between gender, sexuality, and women's empowerment, noting that both gender and sexuality are about power and politics and are concerned with ‰ÛÏnorms that permit and constrain certain forms of social and sexual expression.‰Û Although sexuality and gender are related, Runeborg notes that it is not enough to assume that gender work will address sexuality, or that work with sexuality will address gender issues.

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Working Paper

Promoting Gender Equitable Opportunities in Agricultural Value Chains: A Handbook

The Handbook provides a comprehensive methodology for addressing gender issues at all nodes of agricultural value chains. It is founded on a gender analysis approach, and outlines the Gender Dimensions Framework, which analyzes gender relations in observed practices and patterns of participation, patterns of access to assets, social beliefs and perceptions, and laws, policies and institutions as the organizing framework for collecting and analyzing data on gender relations in agricultural value chains.

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Handbook

Reducing the Gender Asset Gap through Agricultural Development: A Technical Resource Guide.

The technical resource guide for the Gender, Agriculture, and Assets Project introduces a basic understanding on gender and assets in development, to strengthen the design, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation of agricultural interventions to track their success in reducing gender asset gaps and to identify tools from both quantitative and qualitative approaches to support sex-disaggregated data collection. The guide describes key research findings on gender and asset issues, as well as how to gather information on gender differences in asset use.

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Technical Paper,Working Paper

Challenging Chains to Change.

This book includes case studies and examples of how integrating women into value chains can be successful. The book ultimately uses examples, case studies, and recommendations for best practices to suggest that integrating women in value chains is not only necessary, but possible. The authors include information on GALS, gendered economic competitiveness, how to analyze value chains at macro and micro levels, gender mapping, and a set of references and websites.

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Book

Gender and Development: Concept and Definitions Prepared for the Department for Internaitonal Development.

Reeves and Baden supply definitions for concepts that are central to gender issues and development thinking, including gender and sex.

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Glossary

Promising Approaches to Address the Needs of Poor Female Farmers.

Quisumbing and Pandolfelli present a relatively short eight-page list of policy recommendations for approaches dealing with female farmers. They argue that culturally appropriate, labor saving technologies for women will be important for reducing women's time and energy burdens. Furthermore, initiatives focusing on markets should invest in interventions that address gender norms while increasing women's market access.

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Working Paper

The Results May Surprise You: Analyzing Sex-Disaggregated Data.

Quisumbing discusses how to conduct a gender analysis if you have a limited data set. Quisumbing argues that there are many different gender analyses that researchers can conduct, even with a limited data set. These include using sex of household head to determine whether women-headed households are more likely to lower food consumption in the instance of an unexpected negative event, or ‰ÛÏshock.‰Û She also describes how you can analyze data that is a bit more extensive, including examining the differential impact of parental characteristics by child gender.

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Working Paper

The Role of Gender in Agricultural Development.

Poats outlines the history of Gender issues in the CGIAR centers, and thereby a history of gender issues in larger agricultural research. This article argues that gender issues are critical to the success of CGIAR research, and as a result the CGIAR was calling for increased gender awareness in its programming. Nevertheless, Poats notes that the culture of many research institutions highlights the necessity of gender-based interventions, but does not support those interventions.

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Working Paper

Women, Livestock Ownership and Markets.

This book demonstrates the importance of livestock as an asset for women using evidence from Kenya, Tanzania, and Mozambique. Women's ownership of livestock influences household food security through its effects on household dietary diversity and food adequacy. The book also addresses issues related to resources, information, and financial services that would enable women to participate in livestock production. Finally, the book supplies recommendations on how to mainstream women into livestock production.

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Book

The Role of Gender in Agricultural Development.

This short brief summarizes the arguments of the longer USAID/GATE handbook on integrating gender into agricultural value chains. It outlines gender-based constraints in land, labor, inputs, and capital for agricultural development. Women's land ownership rates lag behind men's, in almost all regions globally. Women have unequal bargaining power that distorts intra-household labor and resource allocations. Women also have less access to inputs; they do not have access to as much labor, improved seeds, fertilizers, machinery, or improved technologies as men.

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Handbook