Gender

Growing Impact: African Women in Agricultural Research and Development

Three inspiring stories from AWARD Fellows, showcasing agricultural innovations serving rural women in Sub-Saharan Africa.

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Video

Genetically Modified Maize: Less Drudgery for Her, More Maize for Him? Evidence from Smallholder Maize Farmers in South Africa

Genetically modified (GM) crop technologies have made great strides since its first introduction in 1996. Although there is an extensive and growing body of literature on the economic impact of the adoption of GM crops in both developing and developed economies, there is only scant evidence that the technology has had any specific and distinguishable impact among female and male farmers. In economies where female farmers and female household members have a significant and often differentiated role in agriculture production, it is crucial to be able to answer this question.

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Journal Article

Gender, generation and cereal crop intensification in Mali

In Mali, stagnating yields of dryland cereals—excepting maize—are often attributed to limited use of fertilizer and declining land quality. In the Sudanian Savanna of Mali, as elsewhere in the West African Sahel, dryland cereals are grown on fields managed collectively and individually by extended families that span multiple generations and several households, headed by a responsible elder. The roles of women and youth in farm production are changing.

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Working Paper

Gender, Assets, and Agricultural Development: Lessons from Eight Projects

Ownership of assets is important for poverty reduction, and women’s control of assets is associated with positive development outcomes at the household and individual levels. This research was undertaken to provide guidance for agricultural development programs on how to incorporate gender and assets in the design, implementation, and evaluation of interventions. This paper synthesizes the findings of eight mixed-method evaluations of the impacts of agricultural development projects on individual and household assets in seven countries in Africa and South Asia.

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Journal Article

Gender, Agricultural Production, and the Theory of the Household

Virtually all models of the household assume that the allocation of resources is Pareto efficient. Within many African households, agricultural production occurs on many plots controlled by different members of the household. Pareto efficiency implies that factors should be allocated efficiently across these plots. I find, in contrast, that plots controlled by women are farmed much less intensively than similar plots within the household controlled by men. The estimates imply that about 6 percent of output is lost because of inefficient factor allocation within the household.

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Journal Article

Gender specific perceptions and adoption of the climate-smart push-pull technology in eastern Africa

The performance of the agricultural sector in many developing countries has been rated as below average, in particular the staple cereal crops whose productivity is limited by both biotic and abiotic factors. Furthermore, underperformance by the agricultural sector has in part been attributed to the inability of women to access resources, yet they represent a crucial resource in agriculture and the rural economy through their roles as farmers and entrepreneurs.

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Journal Article

Gender Dimensions of Farmer's Perceptions and Knowledge on Climate Change in Teso Sub-Region, Eastern Uganda

Perceptions and knowledge play a key role in shaping individual and collective response to climate change. Understanding gender dimensions of climate change perceptions and knowledge contributes to effective climate change adaptation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate male and female farmers’ perceptions, knowledge as well as its (knowledge) determinants with respect to climate change in the Teso sub-region, eastern Uganda. Data from male- and female-headed households were analysed using descriptive statistics, Chi-Square, linear and multinomial logistic regression.

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Journal Article

Gender Differentials in the Productivity of Cereal Crop Farmers a case study of maize farmers in Oluyole local government area of Oyo State.

This study broadly investigated in details, Gender and Productivity Differentials among maize farmers in Oluyole Local Government Area of Oyo State. In its specific objectives, it describes the socio-economic characteristics of the farmers, analyze the factors that affect maize production, as well as compare the productivities of the male and female cassava farmers in the study area. A farm-level data was collected from sampling technique from five major farming settlements (i.e., Onidajo, Akintola, Alata, Abanla and Onipe).

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Journal Article

Gender Differences in Access to Extension Services and Agricultural Productivity

This article contributes new empirical evidence and nuanced analysis on the gender difference in access to extension services and how this translates to observed differences in technology adoption and agricultural productivity.

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Journal Article