Gender

Getting a piece of the pie: An analysis of factors influencing women's production of sweetpotato in Northern Nigeria

This paper examines the conditions and factors that create opportunities for women to engage in market-oriented crop production. It uses as a case study of Nasarawa and Kwara states in northern Nigeria, where women have started to cultivate sweetpotato, a crop traditionally grown by men.

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Gender dynamics in cassava leaves value chains: The case of Tanzania

There is growing recognition of the importance of African leafy vegetables for achieving healthy diets, particularly amongst low-income households. In Tanzania, cassava leaves are an important vegetable, yet little is known about how their markets are organized and who benefits from participation and how. This study examines the structure of and gender dynamics in the cassava leaves value chain in Mkuranga District, Tanzania. Data was collected through structured and semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions and observations.

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Gender and relative economic efficiency in sweet potato farms of Imo State, Nigeria: a stochastic cost frontier approach

This study employed the stochastic frontier cost function to measure the level of economic efficiency and its determinants in small-scale sweet potato production in Imo State, Nigeria on gender basis. A multi-stage random sampling technique was used to select 120 sweet potato farmers (64 females and 56 males) in the State in the year 2008. The parameters of the stochastic frontier cost function were estimated using the maximum likelihood method.

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Gender, agricultural commercialization, and collective action in Kenya

With the commercialization of agriculture, women are increasingly disadvantaged because of persistent gender disparities in access to productive resources. Farmer collective action that intends to improve smallholder access to markets and technology could potentially accelerate this trend. Here, we use survey data of small-scale banana producers in Kenya to investigate the gender implications of recently established farmer groups. Traditionally, banana has been a women's crop in Kenya. Our results confirm that the groups contribute to increasing male control over banana.

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Using Gender-Analysis Frameworks: Theoretical and Practical Reflections

Warren's article notes that while gender research methodologies have valuable applications for promoting gender equality, they must be combined with "clear political and theoretical underpinnings and specific goals and objectives." Warren discusses the challenges that occur when attempting to use frameworks, and examines the more theoretical questions of what occurs when the politics of gender and development are limited to the search for a technical solution.

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The feminisation of poverty and the feminisation of anti-poverty programmes: Room for revision?

Chant examines the construct of the "feminization of poverty" and notes that it has helped to give gender an "increasingly prominent place within international discourses on poverty and poverty reduction." However, the feminization of anti-poverty programs has done little to help women deal with poverty. Chant examines this quandary through four questions. First, Chant examines common conceptions of the feminization of poverty. Second, she asks what purposes have been served by the feminization of poverty, and the use of that particular term.

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Gender, flexibility and global value chains

Barrientos examines how adding a gendered analysis to the analysis of global value chains might be developed at a "conceptual level". The study draws on pre-existing empirical evidence to examine how flexible employment influences the way that value chains function. Barrientos establishes that women's flexible employment at specific links in the value chain helps to facilitate flexible sourcing and distribution of high quality goods.

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A crop of one's own? Women's experiences of cassava commercialization in Nigeria and Malawi

Improving the effectiveness of agricultural markets for economic growth and poverty reduction has been a central focus for development initiatives, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. Staple crops with low input requirements and drought tolerance, such as cassava, are being promoted for market development due to their accessibility for poor smallholder farmers. Narratives often equate commercialization of cassava to benefits for women, as cassava is commonly labelled a 'women's crop'.

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Analysis of gender roles within Chagga households that practice ripe banana street selling in Moshi Rural, Tanzania

Gender roles in most societies are classified based on culture-stereotypes which are socially constructed and can therefore be reconstructed. These roles affect household distribution of activities and performance as often division of household labour is based on gender.

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Gender differentials in sweetpotato production on the livelihood strategies of farmers in Ebonyi State, Nigeria

This study was conducted to analyse the determinants of sweetpotato production on the livelihood strategies of the male and female sweetpotato producers in Ebonyi State. A multi-stage randomized sampling procedure was used to collect cross sectional data in 2014. Data collected from 120 Sweetpotato producers were analysed using descriptive statistics and ordered probit analyses. The results of the study showed that the mean age of male and female farmers was about 30 and 40 years respectively.

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