Gender

Women's Empowerment in Agriculture Index

The “Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index” (WEAI), launched by IFPRI, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), and USAID's Feed the Future in February 2012, is the first comprehensive and standardized measure to directly capture women’s empowerment and inclusion levels in the agricultural sector. The WEAI is an innovative tool composed of two sub-indexes: one measures how empowered women are within five domains, and the other measures gender parity in empowerment within the household.

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Toolkit

What dimensions of women's empowerment in agriculture matter for nutrition in Ghana?

This paper investigates linkages between women’s empowerment in agriculture and the nutritional status of women and children using 2012 baseline data from the Feed the Future population-based survey in northern Ghana.

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Journal Article

War experiences and gendered responses to post conflict reintegration: The case of Lira district in northern Uganda

The chapter discusses war and post conflict experiences and gendered responses to reintegration in northern Uganda. It also assesses women’s efforts to contribute to post conflict reconstruction efforts amidst gender inequalities. The chapter arises from a study conducted in Lira district of northern Uganda in 2007. The actor oriented approach and gender analysis provided the analytical framework of the study. Data collection methods were qualitative including focus group discussions, in-depth interviews as well as case studies to better represent experiences and actions.

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Journal Article

Value chain analysis with a Gender Focus: on Food Crop, Cash Crop, and Livestock

Gender relates to socially assigned roles and behaviors attributable to men and women, it is the
socially constructed meaning of biological sex differences. The construction and reproduction of
gender takes place at the individual and at the societal level (Council of Europe 1998). Gender roles
are roles that are played by both women and men and which are not determined by biological factors
but by the socioeconomic and cultural environment or situation (ICA-ILO 2001, Mollel and Mtenga

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Handbook

Two aspects of women's workload in West Africa

Poor farm women not only work longer hours than men but often perform physically demanding work.
It is now commonly recognized that in poorer households, women farmers usually work longer and harder than men. A 1999 IFAD Assessment of Rural Poverty confirms this pattern in the West and Central African countries.

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The Role of Women in Agriculture

Agriculture can be an important engine of growth and poverty reduction. But the sector is
underperforming in many countries in part because women, who are often a crucial resource in agriculture and
the rural economy, face constraints that reduce their productivity. In this paper we draw on the available
empirical evidence to study in which areas and to what degree women participate in agriculture. Aggregate data
shows that women comprise about 43 percent of the agricultural labour force globally and in developing

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Working Paper

The Impact of Agricultural Co-operative's on Women's Empowerment: Evidence from Uganda

This article contributes to understanding the potential of agricultural co-operatives to boost women’s empowerment and close gender gaps in sub-Saharan Africa. It provides quasi-experimental evidence of the impact of membership of an agricultural co-operative on women’s capabilities, their power and ability to influence decisions, and intra-household productive and reproductive labour divisions. It uses the P’KWI Farmer to Farmer Co-operative Society in north-eastern Uganda as a case study.

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Journal Article

Structural Transformation and Gender Rights in African Agriculture: What Pathways to Food Sovereignty and Sustainable Food Security?

This paper brings up for policy discussion, some of the threats to Africa’s food sovereignty, gender rights and food security, in the process of agrarian transformation. The key questions are: What threats does structural transformation pose to the sovereign rights of countries as well as to gender rights and inclusive growth in Africa’s agriculture? What are the likely outcomes of recent policy changes with respect to agricultural growth and transformation on small farmers especially with focus on land rights and corporatization of land (land-grabbing)?

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Conference materials

Growing Impact: African Women in Agricultural Research and Development

Three inspiring stories from AWARD Fellows, showcasing agricultural innovations serving rural women in Sub-Saharan Africa.

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Video

Genetically Modified Maize: Less Drudgery for Her, More Maize for Him? Evidence from Smallholder Maize Farmers in South Africa

Genetically modified (GM) crop technologies have made great strides since its first introduction in 1996. Although there is an extensive and growing body of literature on the economic impact of the adoption of GM crops in both developing and developed economies, there is only scant evidence that the technology has had any specific and distinguishable impact among female and male farmers. In economies where female farmers and female household members have a significant and often differentiated role in agriculture production, it is crucial to be able to answer this question.

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Journal Article