Zambia reinstituted agricultural input subsidies as one of its Poverty Reduction Strategies in 2002. Since the introduction of Farmer Input Support Programme, the studies that quantify its effects on income have focused either on the fertiliser or the seed component but not on both which constitute the FISP pack, making it difficult to determine what changes in farmers' incomes can be attributed to FISP as a whole.
The Multinational NERICA Rice Dissemination Project in Ghana promoted the adoption of NERICA varieties and complementary technologies. NERICA adoption was expected to increase rice production and the incomes of beneficiary households. This study assessed the impact of NERICA adoption on the incomes of rice-producing households in northern Ghana. With data from a cross-section of 150 systematically selected rice-producing households, the study revealed 36.7% adoption rate.
Wiredu, A. N., Asante, B. O., Martey, E., Diagne, A., & Dogbe, W. (2014). Impact of NERICA Adoption on Incomes of Rice-Producing Households in Northern Ghana. Journal of Sustainable Development, 7(1): 167–178
This article examines the effects of transaction costs on the choice of marketing channel by smallholder banana producers (i.e. travel to the market to sell their produce versus selling at the farmgate). A probit analysis is used to identify the factors which determine the choice of a selling point. Variables capturing transaction costs are used in the analysis and these relate to searching for a trading partner, gathering information about the transaction, contracting, negotiating, monitoring and enforcing of contracts.
Jagwe, J. N., & Machethe, C. (2011). Effects of transaction costs on choice of selling point: a case of smallholder banana growers in the Great Lakes region of Central Africa. Agrekon, 50(3), 109-123.
This paper aims at making a point that reducing gender disparities would promote agricultural productivity in the country. The study was carried out through a survey of 140 small-scale plantain farming households in Remo Division of Ogun State, Nigeria. This comprised of 62 female-farmers and 78 male-farmers heading households. The female-headed households suffered less access to credit facilities and farm land; however, they experienced averagely higher productivity and farm revenue.
Nosiru, M. O.; Rahji, M. A. Y. (2012). Access to resources, productivity and income generation of gender-differentiated households in Ogun State, Nigeria. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics. 233-239.
With the commercialization of agriculture, women are increasingly disadvantaged because of persistent gender disparities in access to productive resources. Farmer collective action that intends to improve smallholder access to markets and technology could potentially accelerate this trend. Here, we use survey data of small-scale banana producers in Kenya to investigate the gender implications of recently established farmer groups. Traditionally, banana has been a women's crop in Kenya. Our results confirm that the groups contribute to increasing male control over banana.
The security of the household economy on the basis of "security of food consumption" and "security of daily necessities consumption" has been pursued so far at Lukani village, on the western slope of Mt. Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, through the cultivation of maize and "female products" (bananas, milk, beans, etc.,). In contrast, "male products" such as coffee have pursued economic rationality and maximum revenues.
Tsujimura, H. (2013). Characteristics of banana production and sales in Kilimanjaro: security of household economy pursued by "female products." Natural Resource Economics Review, Kyoto University. 85-101.
The present study aims to contribute to the scarce literature on traditional food crop marketing by analysing the factors influencing (a) the household's decision to participate in the market and (b) the selling prices obtained by the household. Using an econometric approach, we analyse household data from 270 finger millet producers in western Kenya. A main focus of the study lies on the role of gender and farmer group participation.