The performance of the agricultural sector in many developing countries has been rated as below average, in particular the staple cereal crops whose productivity is limited by both biotic and abiotic factors. Furthermore, underperformance by the agricultural sector has in part been attributed to the inability of women to access resources, yet they represent a crucial resource in agriculture and the rural economy through their roles as farmers and entrepreneurs.
Perceptions and knowledge play a key role in shaping individual and collective response to climate change. Understanding gender dimensions of climate change perceptions and knowledge contributes to effective climate change adaptation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate male and female farmers’ perceptions, knowledge as well as its (knowledge) determinants with respect to climate change in the Teso sub-region, eastern Uganda. Data from male- and female-headed households were analysed using descriptive statistics, Chi-Square, linear and multinomial logistic regression.
Agriculture is the mainstay of Malawi's economy and maize is the most important crop for food security. As a Least Developed Country (LDC), adverse effects of climate change (CC) on agriculture in Malawi are expected to be significant. We examined the impacts of CC on maize production and food security in Malawi's dominant cereal producing region, Lilongwe District. We used five Global Circulation Models (GCMs) to make future (2011 to 2100) rainfall and temperature projections and simulated maize yields under these projections.
Africa’s agriculture must undergo transformation to meet the simultaneous challenges of climate change, food insecurity, poverty and environmental degradation. Many innovative climate-smart agriculture practices already exist in Africa with the capacity to increase productivity and build resilience. Yet they remain largely unknown at the continental, or even regional, levels. Featuring a range of inspirational case studies and strategies, this book highlights some of these practices across Africa’s diverse farming systems and climatic conditions.
Adaptation is considered an appropriate response to climate change and variability, especially for the smallholder farmers. However, the response decisions and actions of male and female farmers may be influenced by various factor and factor combinations that are not adequately understood. We hypothesized that both male and female farmers are climate change conscious and responsive; and that there is a gender dimension to the choice of a climate change adaptation strategy.
Amusa, T. A., Okoye, C. U., & Enete, A. A. (2015). Determinants Of Climate Change Adaptation Among Farm Households In Southwest Nigeria: A Heckman Double Stage Selection Approach. Review of Agricultural and Applied Economics, 18(02), 03-11. doi:10.15414/raae.2015.18.02.03-11
Farmers are more likely to adopt new technologies when they see that they have been successfully implemented by other farmers, especially in their village or surrounding villages. Smallholder farmers in developing countries are likely to be among the people hardest hit by climate change, because of agriculture’s dependence on the weather and farming’s low level of resilience to climate variability and change. The good news is that innovative approaches, such as climate smart agriculture, are being developed to meet this challenge.
We examine a set of potentially climate smart agricultural practices, including reduced tillage, crop rotation and legume intercropping, combined with the use of improved seeds and inorganic fertiliser, for their effects on maize yields in Zambia. We use panel data from the Rural Incomes and Livelihoods Surveys merged with a novel set of climatic variables based on geo-referenced historical rainfall and temperature data to explore the changing effects of these practices with climatic conditions.
Arslan, A., McCarthy, N., Lipper, L., Asfaw, S., Cattaneo, A. and Kokwe, M. (2015), Climate Smart Agriculture? Assessing the Adaptation Implications in Zambia. J Agric Econ, 66: 753–780. doi:10.1111/1477-9552.12107
The impacts of climate change are considered to be strong in countries located in tropical Africa that depend on agri-culture for their food, income and livelihood. Therefore, a better understanding of the local dimensions of adaptationstrategies is essential to develop appropriate measures that will mitigate adverse consequences.
Ahmed, M. H. (2016). Climate change adaptation strategies of maize producers of the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics (JARTS), 117(1), 175-186.Chicago
In the coming decades, the already fragile agricultural system in West Africa will face further challenges in meeting food security, both from increasing population and from the impacts of climate change. Optimal prioritization of adaptation investments requires the assessment of various possible adaptation options and their uncertainties; successful adaptations of agriculture to climate change should not only help farmers deal with current climate risks, but also reduce negative (or enhance positive) impacts associated with climate change using robust climate projections.
Guan, K., Sultan, B., Biasutti, M., Baron, C., & Lobell, D. B. (2017). Assessing climate adaptation options and uncertainties for cereal systems in West Africa. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 232, 291-305. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.07.021