A Roadmap for Promoting Women and Economic Empowerment.

Buvinic et al. present 136 research studies and empirical publications to identify project-level interventions for increasing gender productivity in short term programming. This study examines entrepreneurship, wage employment, young women's employment, and agriculture. The agriculture section (pages 37-44) establishes seven lessons gleaned from the review of other publications. First, they note that interventions that give women more formal control over land are proven to increase women's productivity and economic security. Second, farmer groups can provide individual women with access to markets, and can help them overcome constraints. Third, projects must provide an integrated suite of services that address production and marketing in order to deal with gendered constraints. Fourth, suites of services for women subsistence farmers must be more comprehensive than for women with larger farms, who may need single services rather than a full suite. Buvinic et al. also note that rural electrification is proven for increasing women's productivity in agriculture. Additionally, mobile phones are proven to be useful for helping women gain market access. Finally, they argue that female autonomy is an important determinant of productivity and earnings of rural women producers.

Buvinic, M., R. Furst-Nichols, and E. Courey Pryor. 2013. A Roadmap for Promoting Women's Economic Empowerment. Washingon, D.C.: United Nations Foundation.
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Working Paper

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