O'Sullivan et al. focus on the gender gap in productivity, providing more information on gender-based constraints to production in Sub-Saharan Africa. Based on information from survey data, they identify ten priority areas that will help to decrease the gender gap. These include: 1. strengthening women's land rights, 2. improving women's access to hired labor, 3. enhancing women's use of tools and equipment to reduce labor, 4. providing community-based child care centers, 5. encouraging women farmers to use more high-quality fertilizer, 6. increasing women's use of improved seeds, 7. tailoring extension services to women's needs, 8. promoting women's cash crop cultivation, 9. facilitating women's access to markets, and 10. Raising the education level of women farmers. O'Sullivan et al. also outline specific policy action points that can help to address these priorities. The report contains country study summaries on Ethiopia, Malawi, Niger, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Uganda. As a result it has place-specific data and information on the gender gap in each country, as well as more general information overall. This is a relevant resource for the curriculum on gender issues in agriculture and will also be relevant to researchers working in any of the target countries.
Leveling the Field: Improving Opportunities for Women Farmers in Africa.
O'Sullivan, M., A. Rao, R. Banerjee, K. Gulati, and M. Vinez. 2014. Leveling the Field: Improving Opportunities for Women Farmers in Africa. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank