This paper examines evidence of gender biases in the decisions of agricultural households, utilizing data from International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics’s village level studies in India (1975–85). The main empirical finding is that households with a high proportion of boys tend to use some agricultural inputs, including fertilizers and irrigation services more intensively than households with girls. This pattern is more pronounced among wealthier households but does not appear to be driven solely by bequest motives or male child labor productivity.
Input Choices in Agriculture: Is there a Gender Bias?
Negin, J., Remans, R., Karuti, S. et al. Food Sec. (2009) 1: 351. doi:10.1007/s12571-009-0025-z