Climate Change Adaptation Strategies of Maize Producers of the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia

The impacts of climate change are considered to be strong in countries located in tropical Africa that depend on agri-culture for their food, income and livelihood. Therefore, a better understanding of the local dimensions of adaptationstrategies is essential to develop appropriate measures that will mitigate adverse consequences. Hence, this studywas conducted to identify the most commonly used adaptation strategies that farm households practice among a setof options to withstand the effects of climate change and to identify factors that affect the choice of climate changeadaptation strategies in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. To address this objective, Multivariate Probit model wasused. The results of the model indicated that the likelihood of households to adapt improved varieties of crops, ad-just planting date, crop diversification and soil conservation practices were 58.73%, 57.72%, 35.61% and 41.15%,respectively. The Simulated Maximum Likelihood estimation of the Multivariate Probit model results suggested thatthere was positive and significant interdependencebetween householddecisions to adapt crop diversification and usingimproved varieties of crops; and between adjusting planting date and using improved varieties of crops. The resultsalso showed that there was a negative and significant relationship between household decisions to adapt crop diver-sification and soil conservation practices. The paper also recommended household, socioeconomic, institutional andplot characteristics that facilitate and impede the probability of choosing those adaptation strategies

Citation: 
Ahmed, M. H. (2016). Climate change adaptation strategies of maize producers of the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics (JARTS), 117(1), 175-186.Chicago
Year: 
2016
Media Type: 
Journal Article
Geographic Focus: 

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