Tanzania

Smallholder Farmers' Adaptation Strategies to Impact of Climate Change of Semi-Arid Areas of Iringa District Tanzania

The current climate is already marginal with respect to precipitation in many parts of Africa, especially in semiarid
areas. Impact of climate change will bring substantial losses especially to smallholder farmers whose main
source of livelihood derives from agriculture. Such impacts can be significantly reduced through adaptation.
Given the high dependence on rain-fed agriculture and prevailing drought condition of semi-arid areas of Iringa
district, the area may be quite vulnerable to the current and future climatic changes. The frequency supply of

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Journal Article

Market participation by smallholder rice farmers in Tanzania: a double hurdle analysis

Smallholder farmers account for over 90 per cent of domestic rice production in Tanzania. Their participation in markets provides
opportunities for growth through income and employment. However, their ability to participate is hampered by personal,
household and institutional constraints. We adopt the double hurdle model to explore determinants of market participation by
rice farmers using data collected from selected rice growing regions in Tanzania. The decision to participate in the market

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Journal Article

Intersections of Gender and Marital Status in Accessing Climate Change Adaptation: Evidence from Rural Tanzania

Climate scholars are increasingly recognizing the importance of gender in climate change vulnerability, but often either dichotomize men and women as homogeneous categories or limit themselves to comparing male- and female-headed households. We use an intersectionality framework to examine how the adaptive strategies of Tanzanian farmers are mediated through their gender and marital statuses.

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Journal Article

Households and Food Security: Lessons from Food Secure Households in East Africa

What are the key factors that contribute to household-level food security? What lessons can we learn from food secure households? What agricultural options and management strategies are likely to benefit female-headed households in particular?

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Journal Article

Empowering smallholder rice farmers in Tanzania to increase productivity for promoting food security in Eastern and Southern Africa

Despite low rice yield levels in Tanzania, the country is the leading producer in Eastern and Southern Africa. Given that this business is dominated by smallholder farmers and that the country is endowed with extensive landscapes suitable for rice production coupled with a high domestic and foreign potential market, there is an urgent need to enhance the yield as a key to promote food security from household to national and international levels.

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Journal Article

Contracting and gender equity in Tanzania: using a value chain approach to understand the role of gender in organic spice certification

Value chain development (VCD) initiatives within the horticultural and organic sectors in Africa are promising strategies to improve smallholder welfare. Contracting institutional arrangements are a common feature of VCD initiatives and are increasing in number in sub-Saharan Africa as a way to source organic products from smallholder producers. The objective of this study is to better understand men and women's participation in spice producing households that sell under contract and in conventional market chains in the East Usambaras, Tanzania.

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Journal Article

Gender dynamics in cassava leaves value chains: The case of Tanzania

There is growing recognition of the importance of African leafy vegetables for achieving healthy diets, particularly amongst low-income households. In Tanzania, cassava leaves are an important vegetable, yet little is known about how their markets are organized and who benefits from participation and how. This study examines the structure of and gender dynamics in the cassava leaves value chain in Mkuranga District, Tanzania. Data was collected through structured and semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions and observations.

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Journal Article

Diagnostic of banana processing for beverages including quantification of contributions to livelihood for cash and nutrition, food hazard analysis and gendered value chain analysis.

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Case study

Sustainable Inclusion of Smallholders in the Emerging High Quality Cassava Flour Value Chains in Africa: Challenges for Agricultural Extension Services

Building on research conducted under the Cassava: Adding Value for Africa (C:AVA) Project, Adebayo et al. examine the main challenges to cassava extension service partners in Nigeria, Ghana, Tanzania, Uganda, and Malawi. The authors explore ways to limit the exclusion of smallholders from the commercialization of cassava production and marketing.

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Journal Article

Effects of transaction costs on choice of selling point: a case of smallholder banana growers in the Great Lakes region of Central Africa

This article examines the effects of transaction costs on the choice of marketing channel by smallholder banana producers (i.e. travel to the market to sell their produce versus selling at the farmgate). A probit analysis is used to identify the factors which determine the choice of a selling point. Variables capturing transaction costs are used in the analysis and these relate to searching for a trading partner, gathering information about the transaction, contracting, negotiating, monitoring and enforcing of contracts.

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Journal Article