Apart from the difficulty to attract new members, leakage of sales outside the cooperative is a major challenge for the coffee cooperatives in Rwanda. Local (independent) traders still constitute a major market for coffee producers. Yet, cooperatives also accept the produce from non-members and pay them the same price. Our objective in this paper is to analyse the importance of this phenomenon of double side-selling. We collected data from a sample of 170 coffee farmers. We use a probit model to analyse characteristics linked to cooperative membership and to study double side-selling.
Diagnostic of banana processing for beverages including quantification of contributions to livelihood for cash and nutrition, food hazard analysis and gendered value chain analysis. CGIAR case study. Anne Rietveld.
Forests have conventionally been seen as a source of products for sustaining resource-poor households. Nonetheless, forest management strategies have often not been designed to meet these pressing needs. The objectives of this research were to examine the contribution of forest products to household income and determine the level of forest dependence among poor households in four sectors selected from the Musanze and Nyabihu districts of Rwanda. A multistage sampling process was used to select 165 households in a questionnaire-based survey.
Mutandwa, E., & Kanyarukiga, R. (2016). Understanding the role of forests in rural household economies: experiences from the Northern and Western provinces of Rwanda. Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science, 1-8.