Chant examines the construct of the "feminization of poverty" and notes that it has helped to give gender an "increasingly prominent place within international discourses on poverty and poverty reduction." However, the feminization of anti-poverty programs has done little to help women deal with poverty. Chant examines this quandary through four questions. First, Chant examines common conceptions of the feminization of poverty. Second, she asks what purposes have been served by the feminization of poverty, and the use of that particular term.