Kenya

Determinants of Choice of Agricultural Information Sources and Pathways Among Sorghum Farmers in Ndhiwa Sub-County, Western Kenya

Extension in Kenya, the situation with regard to relaying of information and pathways used among farmers seems unsatisfactory. This is specifically the case in the production of 3rd ranked cereal crop sorghum (sorghum bicolor (L.) by farmers in Western Kenya. Sorghum farming in Ndhiwa Sub-County in the Western Kenya region is an important agricultural activity in the economy. Sorghum is not only drought resistant, but can also withstand long periods of water logging. Several technologies have been developed by research institutions with the aim of increasing its production.

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Mbanda-Obura, S. A., Tabu, I. M., Amudavi, D. M., & Obura, R. K. (2017). DETERMINANTS OF CHOICE OF AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION SOURCES AND PATHWAYS AMONG SORGHUM FARMERS IN NDHIWA SUB-COUNTY, WESTERN KENYA. International Journal of Agricultural Extension, 5(1), 39-49.Chicago

Caught Between Energy Demands and Food Needs: Dilemmas of Smallholder Farmers in Njoro, Kenya

Smallholders in rural Kenya, like their counterparts in tropical Africa currently face acute shortage of fuel wood for domestic use. There has been rapid population increase in the last few decades resulting in increased demand for food crops. This has led to the expansion of area under subsistence agriculture eating into indigenous forests, the traditional source of wood fuel. This situation has been compounded by the limited access to alternative sources of domestic energy in rural parts of Kenya.

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Ngetich, K. A., Birech, R. J., Kyalo, D., Bett, K. E., & Freyer, B. (2009). Caught between energy demands and food needs: dilemmas of smallholder farmers in Njoro, Kenya. Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics (JARTS), 110(1), 25-30.

Are there systematic gender differences in the adoption of sustainable agricultural intensification practices? Evidence from Kenya

This paper uses sex-disaggregated survey data at the plot level to test whether there are systematic gender differences in the adoption of multiple sustainable intensification practices (SIPs) in Kenya. We analyze plot level adoption decisions of SIPs by male, female or joint plot managers within the household, controlling for household characteristics, asset wealth and land quality factors that condition investments in intensification options. Using a multivariate probit model, we find gender differences in the adoption pattern for some SIPs.

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Ndiritu, S. W., Kassie, M., & Shiferaw, B. (2014). Are there systematic gender differences in the adoption of sustainable agricultural intensification practices? Evidence from Kenya. Food Policy, 49, Part 1, 117-127. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2014.06.010

An economic approach to household collection of gum Arabic from the wild.

Gum arabic has a wide range of industrial uses worldwide and is collected in sparsely populated dry land regions typically inhabited by poor households. In the study sample of 201 households in northern Kenya, observed marketed quantities were low. Primary data collected through personal interviews were complemented by GIS data on precipitation and vegetation cover.

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Vellema, W., Mujawamariya, G., D'Haese, M., & Burger, K. (2013). An economic approach to household collection of gum arabic from the wild. international forestry review, 15(2), 255-269.

Gum arabic collection in northern Kenya: unexploited resources, underdeveloped markets

Gum arabic is a resin collected from several types of Acacia tree growing most densely in arid and semi-arid lands in East Africa and the Sahel. Kenya is particularly well endowed with gum-yielding trees but exports only small amounts of gum. Methodology: A combination of descriptive livelihood and value chain analysis was used to gain insight into the socio-economic characteristics of collectors and the role of gum arabic in their livelihood. Results: The degree of poverty encountered is considerable with most collectors barely able to maintain a subsistence level.

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Vellema, W., Mujawamariya, G., & D'Haese, M. (2014). Gum arabic collection in northern Kenya: unexploited resources, underdeveloped markets. AFRIKA FOCUS, 27(1), 69-86.

Importance of socio-economic factors in the collection of NTFPs: The case of gum arabic in Kenya

Collection of wild non-timber forest products may improve the livelihoods of communities through their direct consumption or marketing. Gum arabic is one of these products by ‘Acacia senegal’ trees that are found in Kenya. It is a source of additional income for rural households. The study explores — household decisions to collect gum arabic in the forest using the two stage Heckman selection model. The data for the analysis come from the 213 randomly sampled collectors from the north-eastern and western regions of Kenya.

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Mujawamariya, G., & Karimov, A. A. (2014). Importance of socio-economic factors in the collection of NTFPs: The case of gum arabic in Kenya. Forest Policy and Economics, 42, 24-29.

An Ex-Ante Evaluation of Improved Cassava Varieties on Gender Relations in Migori District, Kenya

Andima et al. present a case study that documents the development of a ‰ÛÏgender sensitive tool for impact evaluation‰Û for agricultural technology that will be used in Kenya. The tool is a modified Gender Analysis Matrix (GAM) used by KARI researchers in Migori district. In this case study, researchers test the GAM in relation to the introduction of pest-resistant cassava varieties in Migori. The matrix examines labor, time, tools, land, cash, funds, food, and social standing in cassava production.

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Andima, D., J. Ogecha, O. Sospeter, and N. Otiego. 2009. An Ex-Ante Evaluation of Improved Cassava Varieties on Gender Relations in Migori District, Kenya. Available on SSRN.

Gender, agricultural commercialization, and collective action in Kenya

With the commercialization of agriculture, women are increasingly disadvantaged because of persistent gender disparities in access to productive resources. Farmer collective action that intends to improve smallholder access to markets and technology could potentially accelerate this trend. Here, we use survey data of small-scale banana producers in Kenya to investigate the gender implications of recently established farmer groups. Traditionally, banana has been a women's crop in Kenya. Our results confirm that the groups contribute to increasing male control over banana.

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Fischer, Elisabeth; Qaim, Matin (2012). Gender, agricultural commercialization, and collective action in Kenya. FOOD SECURITY. 441-453.

Determinants of smallholder sweet potato farmers' participation in different market options: the case of Vihiga County, Kenya

Market participation has a potential to increase farmers' rural incomes and employment opportunities especially if farmers concentrate on production and marketing of local crops requiring low inputs such as sweet potatoes. The purpose of this research was to investigate the factors that determine farmers' shift in market participation from village to regional market in Vihiga County. Cross-sectional data was collected and a multinomial logit model was used for the analysis.

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Mutai, B. K.; Agunda, E. N.; Muluvi, A. S.; Kibet, L. K.; Maina, M. C. 2013 Determinants of smallholder sweet potato farmers' participation in different market options: the case of Vihiga County, Kenya. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics. 314-320.

Evaluation of information and communication technology utilization by small holder banana farmers in Gatanga District, Kenya

Purpose: The study was carried out to identify information communication technologies (ICTs) used in production and marketing of bananas, to determine factors influencing intensity of use of ICT tools and to assess whether use of ICT has a significant influence on adoption of tissue culture bananas by small-scale banana farmers in Gatanga District, Kenya. Design/methodology/approach: A multi-stage purposive sampling and proportionate allocation technique was used to select 116 respondents. A pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect data.

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Mwombe, S. O. L.; Mugivane, F. I.; Adolwa, I. S.; Nderitu, J. H. (2014). Evaluation of information and communication technology utilization by small holder banana farmers in Gatanga District, Kenya. Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension. 247-261.