Kenya

Understanding Poverty Dynamics in Kenya

Combining qualitative–quantitative approaches, we examined the reasons behind household movements into and out of poverty across Kenya, and how they differ by livelihood zones. Among the 4773 households studied, 42 per cent were poor 15 years ago and 50 per cent are poor at the present time. Over the same period, 12 per cent of the households escaped poverty, while another 20 per cent fell into poverty.

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Off Farm Employment and Input Intensification among Smallholder Maize Farmers in Kenya

We derive input demand functions for fertiliser and hybrid seed, testing for the combined and separate effects of income from non-farm sources and agricultural wage labour among smallholder maize farmers in Kenya. More income from off-farm sources, and specifically non-farm sources, competes with maize intensification, particularly in more productive areas where use rates are higher.

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Managing storage pests of maize: Farmers' knowledge, perceptions and practices in western Kenya

Insect pests are a key constraint to effective utilization of cereal crops in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), with damage caused by these pests in the stores of particular concern. Although a number of approaches have been advanced for control of storage pests of maize, uptake remains a challenge, with effectiveness of some approaches being questionable.

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Kenyan Isolates of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici from 2008 to 2014: Virulence to SrTmp in the Ug99 Race Group and Implications for Breeding Programs

Frequent emergence of new variants in the Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici Ug99 race group in Kenya has made pathogen survey a priority. We analyzed 140 isolates from 78 P. graminis f. sp. tritici samples collected in Kenya between 2008 and 2014 and identified six races, including three not detected prior to 2013. Genotypic analysis of 20 isolates from 2013 and 2014 collections showed that the new races TTHST, TTKTK, and TTKTT belong to the Ug99 race group.

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Kenya's Cereal Sector Reform Programme: managing the politics of reform

The political aspects of reform have been underplayed in structural adjustment programmes. The problematic and inconsistent implementation of Kenya's Cereal Sector Reform Programme (CSRP), it is argued here, is substantially the result of failing to manage the politics of reform. Good political management of the reform process would have included ensuring a clear understanding by interest groups of the likely consequences of liberalisation, and full involvement of the President and Cabinet from the outset in order to create an ongoing reform culture.

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Identification of Resistance Sources to Wheat Stem Rust from Introduced Genotypes in Kenya

Stem rust Puccinia graminis Pers. f. sp. tritici of wheat is the most important disease in Kenya. Emergence of race Ug99 and other variants virulent to host resistance genes including Sr31 has rendered 95% of Kenyan cultivars susceptible. This study aimed to identify new sources of resistance to stem rust in a collection of exotic genotypes. Three hundred and sixteen wheat genotypes were screened at the Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO) in Njoro for two seasons in 2015. The host reaction to disease was evaluated based on the modified Cobb scale.

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Households and Food Security: Lessons from Food Secure Households in East Africa

What are the key factors that contribute to household-level food security? What lessons can we learn from food secure households? What agricultural options and management strategies are likely to benefit female-headed households in particular?

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Gender Analysis of Maize Post-Harvest Management in Kenya: A Case Study of Nakuru, Naivasha and Embu Districts

This gender analysis study for maize post-harvest management was carried out in Kenya under the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) through its Effective Grain Storage Project Phase-II (EGSP-II). Maize is Kenya’s main staple food taken to be synonymous with household and national food security. It is therefore the country’s most frequently produced and marketed crop. About 75 percent of the maize in the country is produced by small-scale farmers.

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Economic Efficiency and Supply Response of Women as Farm Managers: Comparative Evidence from Western Kenya

This paper assessed the relative economic efficiency and output supply and input demand responses of women farmers in western Kenya. The results showed that women are as technically and allocatively efficient as men. However, neither men nor women have absolute allocative efficiency. Women farmers are equally responsive to price incentives in terms of output supply and input demand. While education and extension contact have significant effects on overall maize supply and input demand, only extension contact has significant effects among women farmers.

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Development of wheat germplasm for stem rust resistance in Eastern Africa

Wheat (Triticum aestivum) rust outbreak is the primary production constraint in Eastern Africa. Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda are hot spots for the epidemic of rusts, due to higher rates of evolution of new pathogen races, especially of the virulent stem rust (Puccinia graminis) race, Ug99. The objective of this study was to identify sources of resistance to the major pathotypes of stem rust prevalent in some countries of Eastern Africa.

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