Ethiopia

The determinants of cereal crop productivity of the peasant farm sector in Ethiopia, 1981–87

This paper employs a Cobb-Douglas type production function to estimate the impacts of various farm inputs on cereal crop production of the peasant farm sector in Ethiopia. The production function is estimated for the major food crops, teff, wheat, maize, barley and sorghum, using seemingly unrelated regression estimation (SURE). On average, about 90 per cent of crop output is explained by the two major traditional inputs, land and labour. Less than 10 per cent of output is explained by chemical fertilizers. The impact of chemical fertilizers is small but statistically significant.

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Journal Article

Smart marketing along the small ruminant value chains in Horro and Menz areas of Central Ethiopia

Description of research project regarding improved marketing on the small ruminant value chain in Ethiopia.

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Research Plan

Poverty, Land Resource Management, and Gender Participation in Libokemkem District of Northern Ethiopia

High population pressure and land degradation are threats of food security in the high-lands of Ethiopia. Poverty and food insecurity are closely related phenomena. Both of them compel poor farmers to practice unwise use and resource management, which lead to low resource productivity.This study examines the various factors determining poverty and resource management at a household level with gender perspective in Li-bokemekem district of Ethiopia.

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Journal Article

Policies to promote cereal intensification in Ethiopia: The search for appropriate public and private roles

Over the past decade, policymakers have been searching for an appropriate blend of public and private sector roles to accelerate the intensification of food staple production, smallholder commercialization, and sustainable market development in sub-Saharan Africa. In Ethiopia, steps taken to liberalize markets in the 1990s and promote fertilizer and seed packages have yet to generate payoffs in terms of higher cereal yields, lower food prices, or reduced dependency on food aid.

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Journal Article

Novel Sources of Stripe Rust Resistance Identified by Genome-Wide Association Mapping in Ethiopian Durum Wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. durum)

Stripe rust of wheat, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), is a global concern for wheat production, and has been increasingly destructive in Ethiopia, as well as in the United States and in many other countries. As Ethiopia has a long history of stripe rust epidemics, its native wheat germplasm harbors potentially valuable resistance loci. Moreover, the Ethiopian germplasm has been historically underutilized in breeding of modern wheat worldwide and thus the resistance alleles from the Ethiopian germplasm represent potentially novel sources.

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Journal Article

Microfinance and sustained economic improvement: Women small-scale entrepreneurs in Ethiopia Authors

Women entrepreneurs account for a sizable majority of small-scale entrepreneurs in Africa. A minor change in their capitalization could assure their participation in diverse productive activities and has a large impact on their lives and families, as well as on the economy. While their access to credit is impeded profoundly because of the regulatory constraints imposed by formal financial institutions, on one hand, the informal sector interest rates as high as 300 per cent are literally untenable, on the other.

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Journal Article

Measuring Farm and Market Level Economic Impacts of Improved Maize Production Technologies in Ethiopia: Evidence from Panel Data

While it is often recognised that agricultural technology adoption decisions are intertwined and best characterised by multivariate models, typical approaches to examining adoption and impacts of agricultural technology have focused on single technology adoption choice and ignored interdependence among technologies. We examine farm- and market-level impacts of multiple technology adoption choices using comprehensive household survey data collected in 2010/11 and 2012/13 in Ethiopia.

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Journal Article

Maize Market Participation among Female- and Male-Headed Households in Ethiopia

This paper examines the market participation gaps and their causes between female-headed households (FHHs) and male-headed households (MHHs) in Ethiopia using an Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition approach. The results showed that structural/coefficient effects accounted for 74 per cent (65%) of the differences between FHH and MHH in the net buyer (net seller) maize market positions. The gap between FHH and MHHs regarding quantities of maize sold was largely explained by endowment effects.

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Journal Article

Gender Differences in Access to Extension Services and Agricultural Productivity

This article contributes new empirical evidence and nuanced analysis on the gender difference in access to extension services and how this translates to observed differences in technology adoption and agricultural productivity.

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Journal Article

Effect of NP Fertilizer Rate and Bradyrhizobium Inoculation on Nodulaton, N-Uptake and Crude Protein Content of Soybean [Glycine Max (L.) Merrill], At Jinka, Southern Ethiopia.

A field experiment was conducted at Jinka Agricultural Research Center to determine the effect of NP fertilizers application rate and bradyrhizobium inoculation on nodulation, N-uptake and crude prtein content of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] at Jinka under rain fed conditions in 2008. The experiment was conducted with two levels of nitrogen in the form of urea (0 and 46 kg ha-1), two levels of bradyrhizobium (0 and Str-TAL-379) and four levels of phosphorous fertilizer in the form of TSP (0, 25, 50 and 75 kg ha-1).

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Journal Article