Women's Empowerment

Assessing Women's Empowerment: Towards a Conceptual Framework

Mosedale examines notions of empowerment, particularly for women and the poor, arguing that in order for women to be "empowered," they must first be considered "disempowered" or disadvantaged. If this is the case, then Mosedale suggests that discussions of power are critical to notions of empowerment and how we define empowerment. Mosedale also examines frameworks for assessing empowerment, and proposes her own. She states that identifying constraints to action, looking at power relationships, and identifying how women's agency changed constraints to action.

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Journal Article

Cassava market development: a path to women's empowerment or business as usual?

Throughout sub-Saharan Africa there are a number of initiatives aiming to improve the effectiveness of staple crop value chains as part of a broader discourse around markets and poverty reduction. Staple crops, such as cassava, are often considered as an entry point for targeting market interventions to the rural poor, particularly women. However, initial findings from fieldwork in Nigeria and Malawi show a much more complex picture of the role of cassava and cassava markets in men and women's livelihoods, which varies by location, ethnicity, and life-stage of individuals.

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Journal Article

Gender norms and access to extension services and training among potato farmers in Dedza and Ntcheu in Malawi

This paper explores the interaction between extension services and gender relations in order to suggest ways and strategies that can be useful in ensuring that extension services are gender-equitable and empowering for women.

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Journal Article

Challenging Chains to Change.

This book includes case studies and examples of how integrating women into value chains can be successful. The book ultimately uses examples, case studies, and recommendations for best practices to suggest that integrating women in value chains is not only necessary, but possible. The authors include information on GALS, gendered economic competitiveness, how to analyze value chains at macro and micro levels, gender mapping, and a set of references and websites.

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Book

From WID to GAD: Conceptual Shifts in the Women and Development Discourse, UN Fourth World Conference on Women, Occasional Paper No. 1.

Razavi and Miller examine the trends in the way that development discourses have historically discussed and conceptualized gender issues. They explain the beginning of the women in development (WID) movement and its roots in the demonstration of positive relationships between investment in women and economic growth. They also examine the shift from WID frameworks to gender and development (GAD) frameworks. Finally, they discuss the tensions between these two frameworks, noting that there are differences in the way that the connectedness of husbands and wives is treated.

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Working Paper

Promising Approaches to Address the Needs of Poor Female Farmers.

Quisumbing and Pandolfelli present a relatively short eight-page list of policy recommendations for approaches dealing with female farmers. They argue that culturally appropriate, labor saving technologies for women will be important for reducing women's time and energy burdens. Furthermore, initiatives focusing on markets should invest in interventions that address gender norms while increasing women's market access.

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Working Paper

Gender and Assets: Focus on GAAP projects.

Quisumbing explains how the relationship between gender and assets can affect people's ability to engage in and benefit from agriculture interventions. Quisumbing discusses two of the GAAP portfolio projects: The HarvestPlus Reaching End Users Project and the Helen Keller International Enhanced Homestead Food Production Program

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Video

Reducing the Gender Asset Gap through Agricultural Development: A Technical Resource Guide.

This Population Action International video shows how women are being affected by climate change, particularly with respect to the extra workloads, the changing weather patterns, and the growing crop failure that they may face. The focus of the video shows that contraception can lighten women's burdens in the face of climate change, as she will have less work and fewer children to feed in the face of growing uncertainty. Nevertheless, it provides compelling stories noting that climate change is occurring and explaining how it deeply affects women farmers.

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Video

The Role of Gender in Agricultural Development.

Poats outlines the history of Gender issues in the CGIAR centers, and thereby a history of gender issues in larger agricultural research. This article argues that gender issues are critical to the success of CGIAR research, and as a result the CGIAR was calling for increased gender awareness in its programming. Nevertheless, Poats notes that the culture of many research institutions highlights the necessity of gender-based interventions, but does not support those interventions.

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Working Paper

Gender Mainstreaming: myths and measurement in higher education in Ghana and Tanzania

Morley raises key concerns on gender mainstreaming, some of which include the way in which women are constructed as a unified analytical category, and how gender equality is frequently reduced to issues of representation. Morley's article also critically interrogates how gender mainstreaming initiatives can be undermined by sexist practices such as sexual harassment.

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Journal Article