Value Chain

Gender dynamics in cassava leaves value chains: The case of Tanzania

There is growing recognition of the importance of African leafy vegetables for achieving healthy diets, particularly amongst low-income households. In Tanzania, cassava leaves are an important vegetable, yet little is known about how their markets are organized and who benefits from participation and how. This study examines the structure of and gender dynamics in the cassava leaves value chain in Mkuranga District, Tanzania. Data was collected through structured and semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions and observations.

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Journal Article

Using Gender-Analysis Frameworks: Theoretical and Practical Reflections

Warren's article notes that while gender research methodologies have valuable applications for promoting gender equality, they must be combined with "clear political and theoretical underpinnings and specific goals and objectives." Warren discusses the challenges that occur when attempting to use frameworks, and examines the more theoretical questions of what occurs when the politics of gender and development are limited to the search for a technical solution.

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Journal Article

Gender, flexibility and global value chains

Barrientos examines how adding a gendered analysis to the analysis of global value chains might be developed at a "conceptual level". The study draws on pre-existing empirical evidence to examine how flexible employment influences the way that value chains function. Barrientos establishes that women's flexible employment at specific links in the value chain helps to facilitate flexible sourcing and distribution of high quality goods.

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Journal Article

Getting the equation right: engendering sweetpotato value chains in East Africa

Upgrading sweetpotato value chains is constrained by its bulkiness, its short shelf life and it being predominantly seen as a woman's and poor person's crop. Commercialization efforts require increased involvement of men and young people, without jeopardizing benefits accruing to women. The International Potato Center (CIP) is supporting value chain development of orange-fleshed sweetpotato (OFSP) using the Participatory Market Chain Approach (PMCA) in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.

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Journal Article

E-Learning Course Gender in Ag

The E-learning course website provides links to all of the World Bank Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook's e-learning Modules. These are all beneficial and might be very valid for pre-learning or pre-course materials, particularly the first two modules.

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Interactive online tool

Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook.

The World Bank's Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook argues that agriculture is central to the livelihoods of the rural poor, and that women play an integral role in agricultural development. HIV and AIDS, migration, and globalization and liberalization have all affected women, according to the World Bank. The World Bank argues that acknowledging gender issues in agriculture is critical, because ignoring gender inequalities results in projects that might negatively affect women. The Sourcebook attempts to help researchers and practitioners address gender inequalities.

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Handbook

Gender Differentials in Farm Productivity: Implications for Household Efficiency and Agricultural Policy

Using data from an extensive four-year study, Udry et al. (1995) use a regression analysis to explore the variation in yields between men's plots and women's plots. Udry finds that women farmers are as efficient as men; however, women lack equal access to inputs and labor. This is particularly true of manure, which is exclusively allocated to men's plots. Subsequently, yields from women's plots are consistently lower than those from men's plots. Udry et al.

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Journal Article

Promoting Gender Equitable Opportunities in Agricultural Value Chains: A Handbook

The Handbook provides a comprehensive methodology for addressing gender issues at all nodes of agricultural value chains. It is founded on a gender analysis approach, and outlines the Gender Dimensions Framework, which analyzes gender relations in observed practices and patterns of participation, patterns of access to assets, social beliefs and perceptions, and laws, policies and institutions as the organizing framework for collecting and analyzing data on gender relations in agricultural value chains.

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Handbook

Gender Roles in Development Projects: A Case Book.

Overholt et al. combine a number of technical papers and case studies on different issues affecting women in development programs. These include issues of productivity in agricultural systems, technology transfer, small scale enterprise and women, family planning, and credit. The case studies come from Asia, Africa, and Latin America.

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Case study,Book

Leveling the Field: Improving Opportunities for Women Farmers in Africa.

O'Sullivan et al. focus on the gender gap in productivity, providing more information on gender-based constraints to production in Sub-Saharan Africa. Based on information from survey data, they identify ten priority areas that will help to decrease the gender gap. These include: 1. strengthening women's land rights, 2. improving women's access to hired labor, 3. enhancing women's use of tools and equipment to reduce labor, 4. providing community-based child care centers, 5. encouraging women farmers to use more high-quality fertilizer, 6. increasing women's use of improved seeds, 7.

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Policy Brief