Cassava

Gender dynamics in cassava leaves value chains: The case of Tanzania

There is growing recognition of the importance of African leafy vegetables for achieving healthy diets, particularly amongst low-income households. In Tanzania, cassava leaves are an important vegetable, yet little is known about how their markets are organized and who benefits from participation and how. This study examines the structure of and gender dynamics in the cassava leaves value chain in Mkuranga District, Tanzania. Data was collected through structured and semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions and observations.

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Journal Article

Against the grain and to the roots Maize and cassava innovation platforms in West and Central Africa

This book introduces a tool for collective effort in agricultural research. ‰ÛÏIt examines how innovation platforms work by bringing together a group of diverse but interdependent stakeholders to meet pressing food security demands with respect to maize and cassava food crop systems and value chains in West and Central Africa. The publication reveals the need for new thinking and new organizational constellations rooted in local and national dynamics, alongside an appreciation and inclusion of long-standing actors.

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Book

Gender Surprises in Food Production, Processing, and Marketing with Emphasis on Cassava in Africa.

Nweke and Enete's report examines farm-level information from 282 villages in six major cassava producing areas in Africa. The data provides evidence of the division of responsibilities on the farm between men and women, but also suggests that these responsibilities are changing as market access improves and technologies become more available. These changes cause men to assume more responsibilities in cassava marketing and processing. The report does not examine the consequences of these shifts.

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Working Paper

Perception and Management of Cassava Manihot Esculent Crantz

Elias, Rival, and McKey discuss how the Makushi subsistence economy and farming practices, food preparation, and cultural and social processes have affected cassava variety and genetic diversity in Guyana. Rival et al. conclude that, based on traditional management and various socio-cultural factors, varietals cannot be defined as separate entities but rather are defined by ‰ÛÏfluid and evolving processes‰Û that change varietals over time. This study provides an example of how socio-cultural factors can directly influence and affect agricultural practice.

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Journal Article

Applying Science and Technology to Enhance Cassava, Dairy, and Maize Value Chains: Cassava Value Chain Overview

This paper highlights many of the key constraints in the cassava value chain, particularly in Nigeria. It argues that there are a number of market inefficiencies and potential technological innovations that must be addressed to improve productivity and chain efficiency. These poor coordination among value chain actors and lack of standards and certification. Production is hampered by low availability of inputs. Fresh cassava value chains face transport bottlenecks.

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Gender Participation in Cassava Processing Activities in Ayetoro Area of Ogun State. Paper presented at the Farm Management Association of Nigeria Conference

Fapojuwo investigates men and women's participation in cassava processing activities in Nigeria. Men and women processors participate in different processing activities and use different processing techniques. The study collected data on these techniques from 240 respondents, then analyzed data using percentage distribution and an analysis of variance. Results established there are significant differences between participation by sex, age, household size, and sources of cassava among men and women processors.

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Gender Differentials in Labour Productivity among Small-Holder Cassava Farmers in Ideato Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria

This study examines the gender differentials in labor productivity in Imo State as of 2008 using quantitative methods. Data was collected through a multi-stage random sampling technique of 120 farmers (60 men and 60 women). The study establishes that for men, household size and participation in credit markets is negatively related to labor productivity. For women, household size was negatively related to labor productivity, while access to credit positively related to labor productivity. The methodology differs from that used by Ogunleye et al. and Igberi.

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Gender Roles in Cassava Processing Activities among Processors in Ogo-Oluwa Local Government Area of Oyo Stat

Ogunleye et al. examine men's and women's roles in cassava processing activities in Ogo-Oluwa local government area of Oyo state, Nigeria. It posits that there is no significant difference between men and women's participation in cassava processing activities. The study selected 40 men and 40 women through a multi-stage random sampling technique. Interviews were the primary means of data collection, and data was analyzed through frequency counts, percentages, Chi-squares, and t-tests.

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Journal Article

Analysis of Cassava Value Chain in Nigeria From a Pro-Poor and Gender Perspective of Farming Households in Southwest Nigeria

Apata's presentation offers a method for conducting a qualitative and quantitative study on gender issues in cassava value chains. For many, this will be a very basic introduction to value chains and qualitative and quantitative research. This presentation reviews research conducted by Apata in Southwest Nigeria on the strategies and opportunities that can increase women's participation along cassava value chains. The study was conducted among 300 cassava farmers using both qualitative and quantitative data. Apata used both a Poisson model regression and a factor analysis.

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An Ex-Ante Evaluation of Improved Cassava Varieties on Gender Relations in Migori District, Kenya

Andima et al. present a case study that documents the development of a ‰ÛÏgender sensitive tool for impact evaluation‰Û for agricultural technology that will be used in Kenya. The tool is a modified Gender Analysis Matrix (GAM) used by KARI researchers in Migori district. In this case study, researchers test the GAM in relation to the introduction of pest-resistant cassava varieties in Migori. The matrix examines labor, time, tools, land, cash, funds, food, and social standing in cassava production.

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Case study